Importance of Engineering Materials, Engineering Materials, Atomic Theory, Atomic Structure, Atomic Bonding, Types of Bond, Bonding and Materials Property, Crystalline Structure of Matter, Key Words, Review Questions.
2. Dielectrics Materials
Introduction, Polarization, Effect of a Dielectric on the Behaviour of a Capacitor, Dipole Moment and Polarization, Surface Polarization Charge, Local Field and Clausius-mossotti Equation, Polarization Mechanisms, Electronic Polarization, Ionic Polarization, Orientational Polarization, Interfacial Polarization, Total Polarization, Frequency Dependence of the Dielectric Constant, Electrical Properties of Dielectric Materials, Dielectric Strength, Dielectric Loss, Significance of the Loss Tangent, Insulation Resistance, Thermal Properties of Dielectric Materials, Melting Points, Flash Points, Volatility, Thermal Conductivity, Thermal Expansion, Heat Resistance, Classification of Dielectric Materials on the Basis of Physical and Chemical Structure, Piezoelectric Behaviour in Solids, Constants of Piezoelectricity, Piezoelectric Materials, Applications, Ferroelectric Behaviour of Solids, Pyroelectricity, Applications of Dielectrics, Solved Examples, Key Words, Review Questions.
3. Magnetic Materials
Introduction, Important Terms Related to Magnetic Materials, Magnetic Dipole Moment, Magnetization Vector, Magnetization field or Magnetic Field Intensity, Magnetic Permeability & Magnetic Susceptibility, Classes of Magnetic Materials, Curie Weiss Law for Ferromagnetism, Magnetic Domains, Domain Wall, Domain Wall Motion, Magnetostriction, Magnetoresistance (MR), Giant Magnetostriction Resistor or Giant Magnetoresistance (GMR), Applications of GMR, Magnetoelectronics (Spintronics), Spin Based Electronic Devices, Soft and Hard Magnetic Materials, Different Magnetic Materials, Key Words, Review Questions.
4. Semiconductor Materials
Introduction, Energy Band Structure of Insulators, Metals (Conductors), and Semiconductors, Classification of Semiconductors, Variation in Semiconductor Parameters with Temperature, Crystal Growth, Zone Refining, Bridgmann Stock Barger Technique, Pauli Exclusion Principle, Boltzmann Classical Statistics, Fermi–Dirac Statistics, Degenerate and Non–degenerate Semiconductor, Direct and Indirect Bandgap Semiconductor, Different Semiconductor Materials, Semiconductor Devices, Solar Cell, Zener Diode, Tunnel Diode, Schottky Barrier (Hot Carrier) Diodes, Thermistors (Temperature-sensitive Elements), Sensistors, Solved Examples, Key Words, Review Questions.
5. Conductor Materials
Classical Free Electron Theory, Resistivity, Factors Affecting Electrical Resistivity, Classification of Conducting Materials, Specific Conductor Materials, Specific Resistor Materials, Solved Examples, Key Words, Review Questions.
Introduction, History, Effect of Field on the Superconductors, Meissner Effect, Type I and Type II Superconductors, Intermediate State, Common Properties of Superconductors, Recent Trends in Superconductors, Josephson Effect, Josephson Device, Applications, Magnetometer, SQUIDs (Superconducting Quantum Interference Devices), Construction, Types, Applications, Applications of Superconductors, A 15 Phases, Fullerene, Structures and Properties, Shape Memory Alloys, Key Words, Review Questions.
Introduction, Change in Band Structure at Nano-stage (Quantum Size Effects), Classification of Nanomaterials, Quantum Dot, Quantum Wires (Nanowires), Quantum Well, Fabrication of Nanomaterials, Top-Down Methods or Physical Methods, The Bottom-Up Methods or Chemical Methods, Characterization of Nanomaterials, Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM), Atomic Force Microscope (AFM), Scanning Tunneling Microscopy (STM), Wide Angle X-Ray Diffraction, Carbon Nanotubes, Single-walled Nanotubes (SWNTs), Multi-walled Nanotubes (MWNTs), Double-walled Nanotubes (DWNTs), Properties of Nanomaterials, Optical Properties, Electrical Properties, Mechanical Properties, Magnetic Properties, Applications of Nanomaterials, Disadvantages of Nanomaterials, Key Words, Review Questions.
8. Discrete Passive Components Fabrication
Resistor, Characteristic of Resistors, Classification of Resistors, Manufacturing of Resistors, Fixed Value Resistors, Carbon Composition Resistors, Carbon Ceramic Resistors, Carbon Film Resistors, Metal Film Resistors, Wire Wound Resistors, High Value Resistors, Grid Resistors, Variable Resistors, Classification of Variable Resistors, Carbon Composition Variable Resistors, Wire Wound Variable Resistors, Cermet Type Variable Resistors, Multiturn Potentiometers, Preset Potentiometers, Metal–film Type, Non–Linear Resistors, Thermistors, Voltage Dependent Resistors (VDR), Light Dependent Resistors (LDR), Precision Resistors, Decade Resistors, Foil Resistors, Colour Coding of Resistors, Advantages, Disadvantages and Applications of Fixed Resistors, Advantages, Disadvantages and Applications of Variable Resistors, Capacitor, Capacitor Construction, Characteristics of Capacitor, Classification of Capacitors, Fixed Value Capacitors, Frequency Ranges and Capacitance Value, Variable Capacitor, Inductors, Inductance, Inductor Construction, Applications of Inductors, Classification of Inductors, Winding of Inductor Coils, Transformers, Manufacturing of Transformers, Manufacturing Process of Small Transformers, Types of Transformers, Uses of Transformers, Key Words, Review Questions.
9. Printed Circuit Boards
Introduction, Types of PCB, Manufacturing of Copper Clad Laminates, Materials, Manufacturing, PCB Manufacturing Processes, Manufacturing of Single Sided PCB, Manufacturing of Double Sided PCB, Surface Mount Devices, Advantages and Disadvantages of using SMDs, Review Questions.