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Economic Operating of Power Systems

By Prof. Nagendra Kr Swarnkar

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Rs. 108


Specifications of Economic Operating of Power Systems

Book Details

  • 978-93-82247-04-3
  • English
  • 2012, 2013, 2014
  • Paper Back
  • -


  • 1. Economics of Power Generation
    Objectives, Introduction, Cost of Electrical Energy, Expression for Cost of Electrical Energy, Depreciation, Straight Line Method, Diminishing Value Method, Sinking Fund Method, Power Plant Cost Analysis, Hydro Power Plant Cost Analysis, Steam Power Plant Cost Analysis, Nuclear Power Plant Cost Analysis, Economics in Plant Selection, Steam Power Plants, Gas Turbine Power Plants, Hydro-electric Power Plants, Interconnected Hydro-steam System, Internal Combustion Engine (ICE) Plants, Selection of Types of Generation, Selection of Types of Power Plant Equipments, Selection of Boilers, Selection of Prime-movers, Selection of Size and Number of Generating Units, Factors Affecting Economics of Generation and Distribution, Generating Cost, Economics of Different Types of Generating Plants, Economics of Hydro-electric Power Plants, Economics of Combined Hydro and Steam Power Plants, Solved Examples, Review Questions.
    2. Economical Operations of Thermal Power Plants
    Objectives, Introduction, Turbo Generators, Method of Loading Turbo Generator, Input, Output Curve and Heat Rate Characteristics, Economic Scheduling Considering Transmission Losses, Coordination Equations, Two Generation Units, Large Number of Units, Sequence of Adding Units-Plant Capacity to be Operated, Effect of Transmission Losses, Solved Examples, Review Questions.
    3. Hydro Thermal Coordination
    Objectives, Introduction, Advantages of Combined Operation, Base Load-Peak Load Operation Requirement, Coordination of Run-Off River Plant and Steam Plant, Reservoirs Hydro Plants and Thermal Plants (Long Term Operational Aspects), Short Term Hydro Thermal Coordination, Constant Hydro Generation Method, Constant Thermal Generation Method, Maximum Hydro Efficiency Method, Coordination Equation, Scheduling Methods, Constant Hydro Generation, Constant Steam Generation, Maximum Hydro Efficiency Method, Equal Incremental Production Cost, Coordination Equation Method, Application of Scheduling Methods, Solved Examples, Review Questions.
    4. Parallel Operations of Generators
    Objectives, Introduction, Conditions of Parallel Operation, Synchronization, Synchronizing Current, Synchronizing Power, Two Alternators in Parallel-Effect of Change in Excitation, Effect of Change in Excitation on Alternator Without Load, Effect of Change in Excitation on Alternator With Load, Two Alternators in Parallel-Sharing of Load Currents, Infinite Bus Bars, Active and Reactive Power Control, Active and Reactive Power Control when an Alternator is Connected with an Infinite Bus-bar, Active and Reactive Power Control when Two Alternators are Connected in Parallel, Synchronizing Power, Synchronizing Torque (TSY), Operating Limits of Alternators, Operating Characteristics of Cylindrical Alternator Rotor, Solved Examples, Review Questions.
    5. Economics for Electrical Engineers
    Objectives, Introduction, Concepts of Physical and Financial Efficiencies of Electrical Goods & Services, Supply and Demand, The Law of Demand, The Law of Supply, Supply and Demand Relationship, Equilibrium and Disequilibrium Condition, Shifts and Movement, Factor Impacting Demand and Supply, Price Elasticity of Demand, Break Even Analysis, Assumptions of the Break Even Analysis, Managerial Applications of Break Even Analysis, Advantages of the Breakeven Analysis, Linear and Non-Linear Breakeven Analysis, Minimum Cost Analysis, Types of Cost, Actual Costs and Opportunity Costs, Sunk and Incremental Costs, Explicit Costs and Implicit Costs, Out-of-Pocket Costs and Book Costs, Accounting Costs and Economic Costs, Private Costs and Social Costs, Direct Costs and Indirect Costs, Controllable Costs and Non-Controllable Costs, Replacement Costs and Original Costs, Shutdown Costs and Abandonment Costs, Urgent Costs and Postponable Costs, Business Costs and Full Costs, Total Cost, Average Cost and Marginal Cost, Fixed Costs and Variable Costs, Short-Run Costs and Long-Run Costs, Review Questions.
    P. Paper