1. Fuels (General Aspects)
Introduction, Origin of Fuels, Characteristics of a Good Fuel, Relative Merits of Solid, Liquid and Gaseous Fuels, Solid Fuels, Wood, Coal, Classification of Coal, Coke, Process of Carbonization, Types of Carbonization, Requisites of a Good Metallurgical Coke, Differences between Coal and Coke, Manufacture of Metallurgical Coke, Beehive’s Oven Method, Otto Hoffmann’s by Product Coke Oven, Recovery of By-Products, Liquid Fuels, Petroleum, Important Liquid Fuels, Cracking, Thermal Cracking, Catalytic Cracking, Reforming of Gasoline, Thermal Reforming, Catalytic Reforming, Fixed Bed Catalytic Reforming Process, Difference between Cracking and Reforming, Polymerisation, Isomerization of Refinery Products, Synthetic Petrol, Fischer-Tropsch Method, Bergius Process, Knocking, Octane Number, Anti-Knock Compounds, Gaseous Fuels, Coal Gas (Coke Oven Gas), Oil Gas, Review Questions.
2. Fuels (Analyses)
Introduction, Analysis of Coal, Proximate Analyses, Ultimate Analyses, Calorific Value, Unit of Heat, Higher or Gross Calorific Value (HCV), Lower or Net Calorific Value (LCV), Difference between HCV and LCV, Determination of Calorific Value of Solid and Liquid Fuels by Bomb Calorimeter, Observations and Calculations, Corrections, Determination of Calorific Value of Gaseous Fuel by Junker’s Gas Calorimeter, Combustion, Analysis of Flue Gas by Orsat’s Apparatus, Solved Examples, Review Questions, Numerical Problems.
Introduction, Classification of Polymers, Functionality, Types of Polymerization, Elastomers (Rubbers), Natural Rubber, Synthetic Rubber/Artificial Rubbers, Review Questions.
4. New Engineering Materials
Introduction, Fullerenes, Organic Electronic Materials, Classification of Conducting Polymers, Factors Influencing the Conductivity of Organic Polymers, Some Classes of Conducting Polymers, Optical Fiber, Optical Grade Fibers and Light Guides, Multimode Fiber, Single-Mode Fiber, Review Questions.
Introduction, Cement, Classification, Chemical Composition, Portland Cement, Manufacture of Portland Cement, Manufacturing Process, Manufacturing of Cement by Vertical Shaft Kiln (V.S.K.) Technology, Benefits of Vertical Shaft Kiln Technology, Composition of Constitutional Compounds of Cement, Setting and Hardening of Cement, Role of Gypsum, Review Questions.
Introduction, Glass, Composition of Glass, Properties, Physical Properties, Chemical Properties, Raw Materials Used For Manufacture of Glass, Manufacturing Steps, Types of Glass, Review Questions.
Introduction, Classification of Refractories, Properties of Refractories, Refractoriness, Refractoriness-Under-Load (RUL) or Strength, Dimensional Stability, Chemical Inertness, Porosity and Low Density, Thermal Expansion and Contraction, Thermal Conductivity, Thermal Spalling, Resistance to Corrosion and Erosion, Electrical Conductivity, Permeability, Texture, Heat Capacity, Manufacture of Refractories (Refractory Bricks), Silica and Fire Clay Refractories, Fire Clay Bricks, Review Questions.
Introduction, Functions of Lubricants, Classification of Lubricants, Types of Lubrication (Mechanism of Lubrication), Viscosity, Viscosity Index, Significance of Vicosity, Determination of Viscosity by Redwood Viscometer, Flash and Fire Points, Cloud Point and Pour Point, Emulsification, Review Questions.