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Thermodynamics Macroscopic

By Dr. Ashok Sharma, Amit Mandal

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Rs. 198

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Specifications of Thermodynamics Macroscopic

Book Details

  • 978-93-80311-09-8
  • English
  • 2010, 2011, 2013, 2014
  • Paper Back
  • 402

Contents

  • 1. Basics Concepts
    Objectives, Introduction, Mechanical Equivalent of Heat, Joules Experiment, The System, Open System, Closed System, Isolated System, Control Volume and Control Surface, Properties of the System, Volume (Property), Pressure (Property), Temperature (Property), What do Linear Variation Means?, Constructing a Temperature Scale, Intensive and Extensive Properties, Macroscopic and Microscopic Approach, Internal Energy, a Property of a System, Total Energy, a Property of the System, Different Gas Laws Regarding a System, Boyle's Law, Charles Law, The Ideal Gas Equation, State of a System, Process, Cyclic Process, Reversible and Irreversible Process, Irreversibility and Reasons of Irreversibility's, Flow and Non flow Process, Isothermal Process, Isobaric Process, Isometric Process, Adiabatic Process, Polytropic Process, Work done in a Process, Enthalpy a Property of a System, Solved Numericals, Review Questions.
     
    2. The First Law of Thermodynamics
    Objectives, Introduction, Thermal Equilibrium, Zeroth Law of Thermodynamics, First Law of Thermodynamics, Sign Convention for Heat and Work done, The Specific Heat, Specific Heat of Gases, Application of First Law of Thermodynamics to Non Flow Processes, Some Non Flow Processes, Isothermal Process, Adiabatic Process, Polytropic Process, Isobaric Process, Isochoric Process, Requirements of Isothermal and Adiabatic Processes, First Law Applied to Flow Processes, Steady Flow Energy Equation (SFEE), SFEE when More than One Stream Enters in the System, Application of SFEE to Different Thermodynamic Devices, Nozzle, Application of SFEE in Throttling Device or Throttle Valve, Application of SFEE in Boiler, Application of  SFEE in Turbine and Compressor, Application of First Law in  Unsteady Flow or Processes, Example  of Unsteady Flow Process, Analysis of Energy Equation for Filling up the Cylinder, Solved Numericals, Review Questions, Unsolved Numerical. 
     
    3. The Second Law of Thermodynamics
    Objectives, Introduction, Basic Terminology, Spontaneous Process, Grade of Energy, Heat Engine, Refrigerator, Thermal Energy Reservoirs, High Temperature Reservoir or Source, Low Temperature Reservoir or Sink, Second Law of Thermodynamics, Clausis Statement, Kelvin Planks Statement, Reversible and Irreversible Processes, Heat Flow between Finite Temperature Differences, Waterfall Under Gravity, Heating of a Resistor by the Help of Electric Power, Friction, Dissipative Factors, Quasistatic Process, Reversibility, Equivalence of Kelvin Planks and Clausis Statement, Thermodynamic Temperature Scale, The Existence of 0K in Absolute Thermodynamic Scale (Charles Experiment), Cyclic Processes or Cycles, Ideal Carnot Cycle, Reversed Carnot Cycle, Carnot Theorem, Possibility of Absolute Zero Temperature by Planks Statement, The Third Law of Thermodynamics, The Fourth Law of Thermodynamics, Solved Numericals, Review Questions, Unsolved Numerical.
     
    4. Entropy, Availability and Degradation of Energy
    Objectives, Introduction, Area, Cyclic Integral of a Reversible Cycle (Clausis Theorem), Cyclic Integral of a Irreversible Cycle (Clausis Inequality), Entropy is a Property, The TS Diagrams, Area of Curves under in TS Diagrams, Physical Significance of Entropy Change due to Heat Transfer, Principle of Increase of Entropy of Universe, Change of Entropy in Case the Heat Transfer Takes Place in Non-Uniform Temperature, Entropy Change by Mixing of two Fluids of Different Temperatures, Physical Significance of, Entropy Changes in Closed System, The Equation of Entropy Change in Terms of P and Volume V is, For Isobaric Process, For Isochoric Process, For Adiabatic Process, For Isothermal Process, Maximum Work Obtainable from an Engine, When Engine Work between two Finite Reservoirs, Maximum Work Obtained by an Engine Working between Finite hot Reservoir and Infinite Cold Reservoir, Combination of First Law and Second Law, The Absolute Zero Entropy (Ideal Case), Dead State of a System, Availability of Energy, Availability of a Closed System, Total Available Energy for a System Undergoing Steady Flow, Quality of Heat Energy, Second Law Efficiency of an Engine, Solved Numericals, Review Questions, Unsolved Numerical.
     
    5. Properties of Pure Substance
    Objectives, Introduction, Sensible Heating, Latent Heating, Sublimation, Phase of Pure Substance, Relation of Different Phases with Properties, PV Diagram of Pure Substance, Construction of PV Diagram, TV Diagram of Pure Substance, PT Diagram of Pure Substance, TS Diagram of Pure Substance, PVT Surfaces, Some Examples of Property Diagrams and Chart, Solved Numericals, Review Questions, Unsolved Numerical.
     
    6. Gas Power Cycles
    Objectives, Introduction, Ideal Stirling Cycle, Ideal Ericsson Cycle, Ideal Otto Cycle, Operation of Otto Cycle, Analysis of Otto Cycle on PV Diagram, Mathematical Analysis of Otto Cycle, What is Air Standard Efficiency?, Diesel Cycle, Mathematical Analysis of Diesel Cycle, Dual Cycle, The Mathematical Analysis of Dual Cycle, Formation of TS Diagrams by PV Diagrams, Comparison of Otto, Diesel, Dual Cycle, Comparison in Case Maximum Pressure Rise is Constant for all the three Cycles and Amount of Heat Rejection is also Same [See figure 6.12], Comparison When Compression Ratio and Heat Addition is Same, Comparison in Case Same Maximum Pressure Rise and Same Heat Addition, The Atkinson Cycle, Two Stoke Engine, Advantage of Two Stroke Engine over Four Stroke Engine, Disadvantage of two Stroke Engine, Brayton Cycle, Working of Brayton Cycle (Open Loop), Thermodynamic Analysis of Brayton Cycle, Open Loop and Closed Loop Brayton Cycle, Heat Exchanger, Regeneration in Brayton Cycle, Maximum Work Obtainable by Brayton Cycle, Intercooling and Reheating in Brayton Cycle, Reheating in Brayton Cycle, Actual Brayton Cycle, How Jet Engine Works?, The Mean Effective Pressure Concept, Compressors, Mathematical Analysis of Reciprocating Compression, Multistage Compression, Solved Numericals, Review Questions, Unsolved Numerical.
     
    7. Vapour Power Cycle
    Objectives, Introduction, Conceptual Analysis of Rankine Cycle with its Operating Parameters, Some Terms used in Steam Power Plant, Reason of High Vaccum Creation in Condenser, Limitation of Turbine and Other Hardware Accessories of Rankine Cycle, Efficiency of Reheat Cycle, Mean Temperature Heat Addition in Rankine Cycle, Ideal Regenerative Rankine Cycle, Analysis of Regenerative Cycle, Increment of Mean Temperature Heat Addition by Regeneration, Carnotizing the Rankine Cycle by the Help of Number of Regeneration, Regenerative Rankine Cycle with Closed Feed Water Heater, Ideal Reheat and Regenerative Rankine Cycle, Regenerative Water Extraction Cycle, Actual Rankine Cycle, Various Efficiencies in Rankine Cycle, Binary Vapour Cycle, Analysis of Binary Vapor Cycle, Cogeneration, Use of Steam Table to Find the Cardinal Points of Rankine Cycle, The h-s Diagram of Rankine Cycle, Solved Numericals, Review Questions, Unsolved Numerical.
     
    8. The Refrigeration Cycle
    Objectives, Introduction, Vapor Compression Cycle, Description of Ideal Vapor Compression Cycle in PH Diagram, Actual Vapor Compression Cycle, COP of Vapour Compression Cycle, Suction Line Heat Exchanger, PH Diagram of Refrigeration Cycle Using Suction Line Heat Exchanger, Unit of Refrigeration, Mass Flow Rate of Refrigerant Needed, Quality of Refrigerant After Throttling, Vapor Absorption Refrigeration System, COP of Vapor Absorption Cycle, Gas Cycle Refrigeration Cycle Reverse Brayton Cycle, How to See Property Table of Refrigerants, Joule Thomson Coefficient, Solved Numericals, Review Questions, Unsolved Numerical.
     
    9. Thermodynamic Relations
    Objectives, Introduction, Functions in Three Variables, Total Differential of a Function in Three Variable, Thermodynamic Variables, Clapeyron Equation, Clausis Clapeyron Equation for Melting, Equation of Joule Thomson Coefficient, Behaviour of Real Gases vs. Ideal Gases, Virial Equation of State, Some Relations Related to Mixture of Gases, Gas Mixture, Daltons Law of Partial Pressure, Partial Volume of Mixture of Gases, The Characteristic Gas Constant, Characteristic Gas Constant for a Mixture of Gases, Solved Numericals, Review Questions, Unsolved Numerical.
     
    S. Steam Table
    P. Paper