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Specifications of Finite Element Method

Book Details

  • ISBN 978-93-83733-85-9
  • English
  • 2019
  • Paper Back
  • -


  • Unit 1.

    Introduction to FEM and its applicability, Review of :Matrix algebra, Gauss elimination method, Uniqueness of solution, Banded symmetric matrix and bandwidth.

    Structure analysis: Two-force member element, Local stiffness matrix, coordinate transformation, Assembly, Global stiffness matrix, imposition of Boundary conditions, Properties of stiffness matrix

    Unit 2.

    One-dimensional Finite Element Analysis: Basics of structural mechanics, stress and strain tensor, constitutive relation, Principle of minimum Potential, General steps of FEM, Finite element model concept / Discretization, Derivation of finite elements, equations using potential energy approach for linear and quadratic 1-D bar element, shape functions and their properties, Assembly, Boundary conditions, Computation of stress and strain.

    Unit 3.

    Two Dimensional Finite Element Analysis: Finite element formulation using three nodded triangular (CST) element , Plane stress and Plain strain problems,

    Shape functions, node numbering and connectivity, Assembly, Boundary conditions, Isoparametric formulation of 1-D bar elements,

    Numerical integration using gauss quadrature formula, computation of stress and strain.

    Unit 4.

    Finite Element Formulation from Governing Differential Equation: Method of Weighted Residuals, Collocation, Sub domain method, Least Square method and Galerkin’s method,

    Application to one dimensional problems, one-dimensional heat transfer, etc. introduction to variational formulation (Ritz Method.)

    Unit 5.

    Higher Order Elements: Lagrange’s interpolation formula for one and two independent variable, Convergence of solution, compatibility, element continuity, static condensation, p and h methods of mesh refinement, Aspect ratio and element shape,

    Application of FEM, Advantages of FEM, Introduction to concept of element mass matrix in dynamic analysis.